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Basic Educationin China(V)
Moral Education
2001-01-01

Moral education includes political, ideological, moral and psychological quality education. The basic task of moral education in primary and secondary education is to foster the students into citizens with ardently love for the motherland, social ethic, civilized behavior and observation of laws. Further to the basic task, moral education should guide the students to build up the correct outlook of the world, life and evaluation, consistently improve their socialistic consciousness so as to lay a solid foundation for them to become a rising generation having lofty ideas, moral integrity, knowledge and culture, and observing disciplines.

With the Marxism-Leninism, Mao Zedong Thought and Deng Xiaoping's Theory as its theoretical guidelines and "Five Loves: love the motherland and love the people, love labor, love science and love socialism" as its basic contents, in the light of physical and psychological traits of the students the moral education in primary and secondary schools provide education for the students to foster civil behavior, to learn fine tradition and revolutionary tradition of the Chinese nation, moral and democratic legal system, modern Chinese history, general survey of China and policies on current events and to build up a scientific outlook of the world, life and evaluation. In addition to that, moral education should provide psychological education to train the healthy quality of psychology of the students and help them to build their healthy personality.

Promulgated by the state, "Regulation of the Work of Moral Education in Primary and Secondary Schools", "Outline for Moral Education in Primary and Secondary Schools" and the "Outline for Moral education in Secondary Schools" provide the basic foundation for moral education in primary and secondary schools, clarify the goals, teaching contents, basic requirements for moral education of each stage in primary and secondary education and lay down the policy, methods and implementation measures for moral education, demonstrating the state basic requirement for primary an secondary schools students in the fields of ideology, morality, psychological quality and political quality.

Moral education is an important component of education schools, and its various teaching forms and methods include: moral cause in primary and secondary schools, class teaching of other subjects; the organization and management of school and class activities; social activities after classes and schools and organizational work of the Young Pioneers the Communist Youth League and the students' families and the society to create a good social environment to educate and influence the students.

The state has also formulated the "Code of Conduct of Primary School Pupils", the "Code of Conduct of Secondary School Students", the "Norms of Daily Behaviors for primary School Pupils", setting basic requirements for the behaviors of primary and secondary school students to be observed by all students.

In addition, Labor education and skill training provide the education to the students for them to cultivate a correct attitude towards labor and good habits of labor and foster sentiments of ardently loving labor so that they can acquire some basic knowledge and skills related to productive labor as well as some life skills.

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