Adult education in China is under the unified administration of the Ministry of Education within which the Department of Adult Education and Technical Education, Department of Higher Education and Department of Basic Education are in charge of detailed affairs. Offices in charge of adult education with full-time offices are founded under educational authorities in provinces, autonomous regions and municipalities as well as in prefectures, counties, and townships. Non-governmental organizations, such as All-China Trade Union Federation, All-China Women's Federation and Central Committee of Chinese Communist Youth League, are the cooperative agencies that hold responsibilities for guaranteeing and urging workers, women and youth to participate in the adult study programme. The Chinese Association of Science and Technology is responsible for the task of education and training that offer scientific knowledge and extend applied skills among the adults. Another important partner of the Ministry of Education is the Chinese Association for Adult Education that was established in 1981, Which is a mass, academic social organization for all members of adult education in China and its tasks are defined as publicizing, organizing and coordinating activities of adult education, providing consultations, offering training, publication and carry in gout international exchange. It joined the International Council of Adult Education in 1983 and Asian-Pacific Association of Adult Education in 1988. Some affiliated research establishments exist under the society, such as, Society for Anti-Illiteracy Campaign, Society for Adult Higher Education, Society for Workers Education in Enterprises and Scoiety for Rural Adult Education. The Chinese Association of Workers' Education and the Chinese Association of Continuous Engineering Education and other organizations also work jointly with the society in this field.